Medical Encyclopedia

Vitiligo

What is vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin disease caused by the loss of individual sections of the skin the ability to develop pigment. White spots appear on the skin, they are round in shape with visible boundaries, are prone to flaking. They come in various sizes. In the affected areas there is no pigment in the hair. Vitiligo spots are not congenital, they appear later. This is a fundamental difference between vitiligo and albinism.

Symptoms of vitiligo

  • The appearance of white spots on the skin of various sizes, which are increasing, often merge with one another. The skin of all parts of the body may be affected.

Causes of vitiligo

In the affected areas of skin melanocytes (cells that produce brown pigment of the skin - melanin) are totally absent. The reason for this phenomenon is not fully understood. It is assumed that the tendency to the disease is hereditary. Vitiligo is more common in people with diabetes, in violation of the thyroid and adrenal glands as a result of head injuries. There are several theories explaining the origin of vitiligo: autoimmune (antibody formation, acting against tissues of the thyroid or adrenal glands), neurogenic (in the peripheral nerve endings are distinguished substances that adversely affect the production of melanocytes), self-destruction.

Treatment of vitiligo

Treatment of vitiligo is conducted with the help of vitamins, hormones, sometimes, ultraviolet A and B radiation, together with the use of medications that increase sensitivity to sunlight.

Vitiligo

You have to live with these unattractive changes in your skin. Help yourself for a minute does not work, treatment of vitiligo takes a very long time.

The only way to temporarily hide the stains - cover up the white spots with the help of cosmetics.

When you see these spots, you should immediately consult a doctor because they may be symptoms of other diseases.

A dermatologist will conduct research and make sure it really vitiligo, and then continue the survey on the possible presence of more of a condition in which common vitiligo. One of these diseases - pernicious (pernicious) anemia.

Course of the disease

With vitiligo, you should avoid sun tanning, because there is danger of burning white spots. In addition, these spots will be more sharply contrasted with the normally tanned skin. Self repigmentation of affected areas is possible. Premature graying of hair, uveitis, and other diseases may be associated with vitiligo.

If you have vitiligo, you should avoid direct sunlight, since the lack of pigment in the field may be due to burning.

White spots on the skin can occur not only when the disease vitiligo or albinism, but also some other diseases, for example, syphilis, psoriasis, fungal skin diseases, metabolic disorders.

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Atheroma

Hypertrichosis