Medical Encyclopedia

Vein inflammation

What is vein inflammation?

Vein inflammation is very common. All of these diseases doctors are collectively called "phlebitis." Phlebitis can be of three types:

  • Infectious.
  • Thrombophlebitis.
  • Allergic.

Symptoms of vein inflammation

  • Clear pattern of subcutaneous veins.
  • Swelling and pain in the lower and upper extremities.
  • Leg or hand is bluish-red in color.
  • Fever, chills, rapid heartbeat.

Causes of vein inflammation

Vein inflammation can be caused by infection. Inflammation, which affected the venous wall, is caused by the bacteria into the tissue surrounding the vein. The cause of the inflammatory process - a boil or abscess. Thrombophlebitis - inflammation of the walls of the veins, which is accompanied by the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) in its lumen. Blood clots are formed in the defeat of venous walls, slowing down or speeding up of venous flow. Most often, leg vein thrombosis is observed. Deep vein thrombosis is initially asymptomatic, complications arise later. Deep vein thrombosis can occur after orthopedic and other operations. People aged 40 years old are most susceptible to it. Superficial thrombophlebitis - an inflammatory disease? which is characterized by the development of venous thrombosis of the lower limbs.

Treatment of vein inflammation

Vein inflammation

Infectious inflammation of the veins can be cured only after treatment of the underlying disease. For example, when an abscess paratonsillar, doctor should take certain measures. In the treatment of thrombosis doctor should consider what veins are impressed - superficial or deep. If the superficial veins amazed doctor puts pressure bandage and appoint anti-inflammatory drugs. The patient should move as much as possible, otherwise inflammation can spread to the deep veins of the legs.

ItТs necessary to ensure complete peace of extremities, and after the disappearance of pain they should be immobilized. When inflammation of the deep veins of the legs, a doctor also impose a pressure bandage. In addition, drugs were prescribed the patient that prevent blood clotting (warfarin). Depending on the extent of the inflammatory process, the patient must strictly comply with bed rest, or, conversely, to move. When purulent thrombophlebitis, surgery is performed. When migratory thrombophlebitis, itТs important to find antibodies that cause inflammation. In this case, the tumor was removed, and then the patients received radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

When vein inflammation, self-treatment is impossible.

If the pattern of subcutaneous veins clearly stands on an area of the body, redness of the skin, severe swelling and pain in the upper or lower extremities, you should see a doctor.

Often the doctor will diagnose vein inflammation only on the symptoms. However, more research is needed to understand the nature and extent of inflammation. The most informative research is phlebography. During the research, the doctor inserts a contrast agent into the systemic circulation, and then does some X-rays of the affected part of the body. Treatment is given after the concept of diagnosis.

Course of the disease

In infectious inflammation in the vein blood clot is formed containing different bacteria. Usually, the disease is manifested by swelling and severe pain in the lower extremities. Deep aching covers hip and thigh, the body temperature rises, there is cyanosis of the affected limb, superficial veins become extended. Clot, which detached from the venous wall, can enter the lungs and cause the appearance of ulcers or pulmonary embolism. A similar complication is available with deep vein thrombosis.

Prevention of vein inflammation

From an infectious or allergic vein inflammation you can not defend themselves. You can protect against thrombosis - should try to get rid of the risk factors (obesity, physical inactivity).

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