Vegetative dystonia is a syndrome that includes a variety of origin and manifestations of the somatic function disorders, which is caused by disorder of the autonomic regulation. Striated and smooth muscle of blood vessels are several tense – this natural tension of the muscles is called muscle tone. Due to reduced muscle tone heart beats rhythmically, the arteries expand and contract. In case of violation of the natural process of tensing and relaxing the muscles there is dystonia. If the violation of physical regulation of the autonomic nervous system, then this condition is called vegetative dystonia. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) innervates all internal organs. It is regulated independently of our will. Defeat VNS can be caused by a disease of the nervous system such as Parkinson’s disease. However, a vegetative dystonia is the most common disorders, which are associated with dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. The consequences of these violations are particularly felt in the cardiovascular system.
The main physical symptoms of vegetative dystonia – a headache, breathlessness, backache and back pain, impaired function of the stomach and bladder, nausea, dizziness, in women – menstrual irregularities. Patients are depressed, anxious, excitable, they often have sexual problems. They feel tired all the time or suffer from insomnia.
- The pressure in the heart, heart palpitations.
- Chills or sweating.
- Headache. Dizziness. Nausea.
- The pressure in the stomach.
- Impaired function of the intestine.
- Concern. Irritability.
- Variability of moods.
- Fear. Insomnia.
Vegetative dystonia is a violation of the body functioning. With careful research, pathological changes in the organs are not found. This violation is functional rather than organic.
Today, it is proved that the occurrence of vegetative dystonia is influenced by psychological factors. This violation is considered to a group of mental disorders, which is called somatoform autonomic dysfunction.
When pronounced symptoms of vegetative dystonia, doctor will prescribe sedatives and advise the patient to turn to a therapist or psychologist.
How to help yourself? If the symptoms are not as pronounced, you can try to calm down and relax yourself. In this case, the long walks in the fresh air and regular autogenic training can help the patient.
If the symptoms have increased, you should see a doctor.
The doctor will examine the patient and perform the necessary research to exclude the presence of organic disease. When symptoms are pronounced, doctor prescribe sedatives temporarily. However, the mission of treatment – to restore the psychological balance. Doctor may recommend reducing stress and seek a therapist.
Vegetative dystonia manifests itself differently in each patient. Usually symptoms occur when a lot of emotional stress and fatigue. Vegetative dystonia often manifested when the hormonal balance in the body changes, such as puberty, pregnancy or menopause.
It is important to avoid stress and overwork during the day. You should refrain from alcohol and nicotine, as they reinforce the symptoms. This disorder is caused by high demands at work, prolonged overvoltage and various social problems.