Medical Encyclopedia

Varicose veins

What is varicose veins?

Varicose veins is a significant veins with the formation of varices and convolutions.

The most common is varicose veins of the lower extremities. In addition, the tibial veins are damaged more often than the femoral vein. At a late stage of the disease veins take the form uneven bluish spiral rollers. Damage to the deep veins is possible, due to which there is pain in the legs, swelling. The expansion of the superficial veins of the skin is easy to see, they can be removed by operating.

Symptoms of varicose veins

  • Pain of the lower extremities.
  • Swelling in the legs.
  • Ulcers of the lower extremities. Eczema.
  • Tingling sensation in the lower extremities.

Causes of varicose veins

The emergence of this disease may contribute a genetic weakness of the connective tissue, hormonal changes, impaired blood flow due to prolonged standing (for example, standing work, such as hairdressing, seller) or seats, as well as shoes with high heels, tight clothes, pregnancy. Varices are formed and when the blood clot occludes the deep veins of the lower extremities. Preferably, the disease affects women.

Treatment of varicose veins

Varicose veins

Often there are no complaints in people with this disease, and they do not need treatment (except for operations for cosmetic purposes).

Typically, surgery to remove varicose veins is conducted. Furthermore, it is the local burning veins (in order to block them in the bloodstream), however, this treatment is only effective in small veins. If there is a strong progression of varicose veins, the doctor resorted to removing the entire vein (from the tarsal joint until the groin).

Wearing elastic hose helps some people. The physician must decide whether there is a need for them, because if the hose is not suitable, it contributes to the progression of the disease, and in the worst case - the formation of blood clots.

If varicose veins are accompanied with pain and swelling of the lower extremities, moistening skin or eczema, you should consult your doctor. It’s recommended the speedy application of different preventive means to avoid the appearance of complications.

If there is no other treatment than surgery, the doctor can make the so-called venogram (X-ray of the damaged veins). For this purpose, a contrast agent is injected into the vein. Venogram after the doctor can find out what he should pay attention to during the operation.

Course of the disease

Rarely varicose veins disappear without treatment. Slight varicose veins is treated with preparations of chestnut. However, most often surgery is necessary. After the operation, it is not any ailments, but varicose veins can recur.

Is varicose veins a dangerous disease?

No, only in rare cases damaged veins begin to bleed. Sometimes the blood flow may be disrupted or slowed down. Therefore, subcutaneous bruising, eczema and ulcers can occur.

Prevention of varicose veins

The patient must keep constant control of body weight: prolonged standing and sitting are contraindicated. As often as possible he need lie with raised feet.

Other articles:

Intermittent claudication

Cardiomyopathy