Skin diseases

Sunburn

Sunburn is the skin burns, which cause redness, swelling and burning of the skin. When there are severe sunburns, blisters filled with clear or turbid fluid may appear. The state of health is deteriorating, the temperature rises, there is vomiting, diarrhea, headaches.

Symptoms

  • Redness of the skin.
  • Painful swelling of the skin.
  • Itching and burning of the skin.
  • Sometimes there are blisters.
  • Headache, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Causes

The main cause of sunburn – too long exposure to the sun. Burn is caused by ultraviolet rays. UV light source is also a quartz lamp and tanning equipment, so the application of these procedures is possible to obtain similar burns. Involvement of the skin also depends on the skin type.

Treatment

Sunburn treatment depends on the severity of burns.

Easy sunburn can be treated independently. Proven therapeutic tool – wet and cool water compresses. Compresses should be changed every hour. After these procedures, the skin is very dry, it is recommended to lubricate the skin with a special lotion or cream designed to hydrate and soften the skin after sunbathing.

If you get burned a large area of skin, or even the whole body, there is a fever, poor circulation, you must consult your doctor immediately. The appearance of blisters on the skin is always a symptom of a severe burn.

Depending on the severity of the burn doctor will prescribe cooling and reduce swelling of the skin medicines for external use (sometimes a part of such drugs include hormones, glucocorticoids). In severe burns anti-inflammatory drugs and medications are prescribed to stabilize blood circulation.

Course of the disease

At first, a human cannot feel anything. However, after 4-6 hours of exposure to sunlight the skin reddens strongly, swells, blisters may appear on it. Symptoms of burns may occur after 24 hours. They disappear after about 2-3 days, when peeled off the surface layer of the skin is replaced by a new one. Crusts appear on the site of blisters, but there are no any scars.

Is it dangerous?

Burns, which are caused by the sun’s rays, are not dangerous to health, rather unpleasant. However, physicians advise to be cautious: the ozone layer becomes thinner and allows more harmful sun rays. Excess of these rays by prolonged exposure can cause skin cancer. Most of the changes, caused by sunlight, disappears due to constantly occurring in the skin regeneration (in the absence of this mechanism cancers of the skin, like a crusts, would cover the whole body).