Medical Encyclopedia

Stomach cancer

What is stomach cancer?

Stomach cancer is frequent malignancy. It occurs in older people, usually men. At an early stage of stomach cancer is asymptomatic, so the disease is diagnosed late. Delays in operative treatment are the cause of high mortality of patients.

Symptoms of stomach cancer

Initially, symptoms are mild:

  • A sensitive stomach.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Feeling of fullness.
  • Weak pain after eating.

Later, you experience the following symptoms:

  • Reducing disability.
  • Pain in the epigastric region, as well as behind the breastbone.
  • Violation of swallowing, vomiting.
  • Gastro-intestinal bleeding.

Causes of stomach cancer

Stomach cancer

Causes of stomach cancer remains unclear. It is assumed that its development is associated with dietary patterns and the influence of harmful factors. Most often suffer from stomach cancer are people who suffer from childhood superficial gastritis, over time have passed in chronic atrophic gastritis. Recently, an important role in the development of disease bacteria Nelicobakterpylori withdrawn, with the ability to change the DNA of the cells into which they fall. Risk factors: chronic gastritis, gastric polyps, peptic ulcer, the presence of gastric cancer in the family history. Benign tumors of the stomach are extremely rare. Polyps often ulcerate and bleed.

Treatment of stomach cancer

In stomach cancer treatment is often operative. During the surgery removes the entire stomach or part of it. Stomach replaces a loop of small intestine, colon less. If the cancer has metastasized to other organs and tissues, in this case, during operation doctor removed not only the stomach but also affected parts of these organs. After surgery, radiation therapy is carried out, as well as chemotherapy.

Protect organism against gastric cancer is impossible. Self-medication in any case is unacceptable.

With persistent stomach ailments should consult your doctor.

If you suspect a stomach doctor will do all the necessary medical research to clarify the diagnosis. X-ray medical research allows us to see the stomach and to assess its function. With the gastroscope can be viewed from inside the stomach and make a fence tissue for laboratory examination. Often the disease is diagnosed immediately. To clarify the diagnosis is carried out as ultrasonography, computed tomography, sometimes laparotomy.

Course of the disease

First, the tumor is characterized by slow growth. At an early stage of the disease is usually asymptomatic. The first symptoms are nausea, abdominal pain. Some patients complain of increased sensitivity of the stomach. With the progression of the disease may have symptoms such as disturbance of swallowing, sudden weight loss, vomiting and bloody stools. In the final stage of stomach cancer, characterized by an increase in the tumor and the appearance of metastases, there is enlargement of the liver, abdominal dropsy, jaundice, nodular skin lesions. Stomach tumors are prone to rapid metastasis to the lungs, liver and bone. They are characterized by specific localization - supraclavicular lymph node and ovary.

At an early stage of stomach cancer are asymptomatic. People, who have often been a feeling of fullness or loss of appetite, should consult a doctor.

Other articles on this topic:

Colon cancer

Rectal cancer