Medical Encyclopedia

Stenocardia

What is stenocardia?

Stenocardia (or angina pectoris) is a sudden shortage of oxygen in the heart muscle due to narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart. This shortage, which is observed mainly during physical or emotional stress, is the cause of chest pain, or compression pressing nature. In addition, the feeling of tightness in the chest that occurs during the attack often makes people fear.

Symptoms of stenocardia

  • Pain radiating to the arms, neck and abdomen.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • A feeling of tightness in the chest.
  • Fear.

Causes of angina pectoris

Blood supply to the heart muscle (myocardium) is done by coronary arteries. When they become narrow, blood flow to the heart muscle becomes insufficient. As a rule, the cause of narrowing is calcification of the arteries (atherosclerosis), in rare cases - heart disease (damaged heart valves).

Treatment of stenocardia

In each case, the using of therapeutic agents depends on the frequency and severity of attacks. Usually nitroglycerin tablets are prescribed to patients (nitroglycerin dilates blood vessels, and the pain in a few minutes pass). Patients with recurrent stenocardia, should take extra medication, the effect of which is longer. If stenocardia is not reduced with medical treatment, then the artery bypass surgery is done - imposing bypass graft lesions of the coronary arteries.

Stenocardia

Smokers should first of all stop smoking, limit consumption of fatty foods - and the first and the second contributes to atherosclerosis, in addition, when smoking there are more narrowing vessels. You should regularly move, but at a moderate pace, as too much exercise can be dangerous. If frequent stenocardia, for prevention before a planned physical activity you can take nitroglycerin.

When you have symptoms of stenocardia, should see your doctor. If the presence of the disease attacks more frequent or stronger, you should also seek medical advice. If the duration of the attack for more than 15 minutes, you should immediately call an ambulance: during such an attack, the likelihood of myocardial infarction is greatly increased.

The doctor will evaluate your breath, listen to heart tones. Electrocardiogram provides more accurate information. Other methods - X-ray images of the heart and lungs, blood tests and blood pressure measurement.

Course of the disease

If stenocardia attacks began, they are usually repeated throughout life. Most often patient should take pain medication.

Is stenocardia a dangerous disease?

Angina pectoris is not very dangerous. If pain and shortness of breath does not disappear even after the medication, in which case it can be assumed that there was a myocardial infarction.

How to protect yourself from stenocardia?

The best prevention of angina pectoris is a healthy and active lifestyle, proper nutrition. It is important to avoid stress. DonТt drink alcohol, donТt smoke.

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