Blood diseases

Sepsis

Blood poisoning (septicemia) – a serious infectious disease, which is caused by bacteria. From the source of the disease agents (most often they cause purulent inflammation) penetrate into nearby lymph vessels and lymph nodes. If the lymph nodes are unable to destroy them, the bacteria enter the bloodstream, and then invade other organs such as the lungs, kidneys, heart, bone marrow. New foci of inflammation are formed. During injuries and operations bacteria may enter directly into the blood.

Symptoms

  • High temperature.
  • Chill.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.
  • Red stripes.
  • Rapid pulse and respiration.

Causes

The risk of sepsis increases in diseases depleting the body’s defenses, such as leukemia, infectious diseases, as well as due to other causes of hypogammaglobulinemia. Total immunity may diminish the abuse of alcohol, resulting in injury, cytostatic treatment of cancer, operations and burns. Sepsis is a common cause of death. Unfortunately, in 75% of cases sepsis occur in the hospital.

Treatment

The patient should be taken to hospital, where the primary source of infection is resolved. The doctor then makes a blood test and set the causative agent, after which antibiotics are prescribed. In addition, medication, improves cardiac function and diuretics are prescribed. In severe cases, a blood transfusion is appointed.

In the event of a local inflammation, if tissue is very swollen and sore, you need to see a doctor. Also, you should see a doctor if there are fever, vomiting, increased lymph nodes, characteristic visible bands appear on the skin!

The doctor will provide circulation through intravenous fluid. In addition to antibiotics, he will appoint anti-fever medication. The doctor will do a local source of infection treatment – washing with antiseptics. He will also conduct continuous monitoring of the heart and kidney.

Course of the disease

There are inflammation, redness, swelling, pain in the primary location of infection. Often occur simultaneously swollen lymph nodes, red “stripes” appear on the skin. The patient starts shivering, often has high body temperature, increase in breathing and heart rate. Septic shock is possible, blood circulation is disturbed, kidney failure is seen.

The primary focus of sepsis can be located not only on the skin, but also the internal organs:

  • in the bladder, urethra, genitals;
  • in the respiratory tract (mechanical ventilation through an endotracheal tube);
  • in the stomach and intestine after inflammation, tears or transactions.

Sepsis – a life-threatening disease! Septicemia may cause the patient’s death.

How to avoid sepsis?

First, the wound should be thoroughly disinfected. You should not comb insect bites, rashes on the skin and healing wounds.