Medical Encyclopedia

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

What is SARS?

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a term that encompasses all diseases of the respiratory tract, which is caused by viruses. Typically, this infection is often called cold, shows a runny nose, sore throat, cough, slight rise in temperature, without any kind of severe complications. The most common viral respiratory infections - influenza.

Symptoms of SARS

  • Runny nose.
  • Cough.
  • Eye inflammation.
  • Sore throat.
  • Headache.
  • High temperature.
  • Pain in the limbs.

Causes of SARS

The path of viruses in the human body - airborne (talking, coughing, sneezing, shaking hands with tiny droplets of saliva the virus gets into the air, which healthy person breathes). On average, each person about 4-5 times a year brings SARS, but does not become resistant to them due to the fact that these diseases are caused by different viruses and their new forms.

Treatment of SARS

Because the viruses that cause the common cold, a lot, and they quickly mutate, there are not effective antiviral drugs. Therefore, the aim of treatment - alleviating symptoms of infection.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Steam inhalation with various essential oils are recommended for SARS. The patient was given hot tea with lemon, raspberry or honey. There are a lot of drugs for the treatment of SARS. Interferon (a protein synthesized in the cell after the ingress of virus) can stop the reproduction of viruses, which were the cause of the disease. Interferon should be applied early in the disease. Antibiotics, corticosteroids and theophylline were inappropriate and even harmful.

Bed rest for 2-3 days promotes healing and helps prevent complications (especially at higher temperatures).

A doctor must examine each patient in the presence of fever or if you feel unwell.

A doctor must first of all make sure that no other bacterial infections (eg, pneumococcal, streptococcal), the most common cause of complications - inflammation of the lungs, heart and kidneys. When you have a bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed.

Course of the disease

The majority of SARS is characterized by: first there is a fever, sneezing, head becomes "heavy", swollen mucous membranes (nose and throat), nasal breathing disturbed, a headache, watery eyes, sore throat, cough hurts, worse general health, the temperature (children have a very high temperature). Hoarseness appears, swallowing is broken during certain infectious diseases. In the summer, some viruses SARS cause vomiting and diarrhea. This disease is called "summer flu".

Is SARS a dangerous disease?

In the absence of complications, these infections are not dangerous. Their symptoms of the disease disappear in 1-2 weeks. Frequent complications - bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, inflammation of the middle ear.

Infection with SARS often occurs in hospitals. If you experience a wave of colds in children less than six months, they should not be hospitalized without good reason. Older people and people with weakened immune systems are not advised to contact the clinic during this period without special needs.

Prevention of SARS

There is no reliable security from the virus. Since the beginning of the epidemic virus infection, you should avoid shaking hands and communication with patients. Frequent hand washing, using of vitamins will reduce probability of infection.

Other articles:

Smallpox

Influenza