Medical Encyclopedia

Pollen allergy

What is pollen allergy?

A large number of people with long-awaited arrival of summer begin to experience not spring revival and joy, and malaise and discomfort. This is due to the fact that they are allergic to pollen. To date, there are dozens of herbs, cereals and trees that can cause allergies. This kind of disease is called pollen allergy, it is seasonal.

Symptoms of pollen allergy

The most common manifestation of it - conjunctival syndrome. It is accompanied by itching and redness of the eyelids and lacrimation. If the case is severe, it can be observed even blepharospasm. Symptoms of pollen allergy are most often such: itching of the mucous membranes of the nose, solid-century ear passages, pharynx. It becomes difficult to breathe through the nose - it is laid down, there are constantly bouts of sneezing and other not very pleasant.

Pollen allergy is a condition that precedes asthmatic condition. If it is not treated properly, the disease will wear progressive character, because low-energy runny nose will begin to form bronchial asthma. According to statistics, every fifth allergy ends asthma.

In particular, often pollen allergy occurs in children between of six to fourteen years of age, 65% of cases occur in boys. In children the disease takes about 30% of all the varieties of allergies.

The vast number of patients is suffering from pollinosis and also food allergy. Therefore, if a person has an allergy to one plant of a family, it will also respond to other plants of the same family. Signs of an allergic reaction such are: swelling of the lips, tongue, itching in the mouth, pruritus, urticaria. Very often there is vomiting and nausea.

In order to cure pollen allergy and to avoid the development of cross-allergic reaction, patient in any case should not resort to herbal therapy. Also, in any case should not use spices, herbs, pears, apples, nuts, fruits with pits, birch sap for the treatment.

Pollen allergy

The group of foods that frequently produce pollen allergy includes chicory, sunflower seed, beet, watermelon, melon, spinach and grasses such as soybeans, peanuts, soybeans, corn, beer.

A patient must comply with hypoallergenic diet, it is necessary to guard against pollen allergens to which it is sensitive. Adhering to such precautions the patient can reduce allergy symptoms and the need for medication and avoid various serious complications, such as angioedema or urticaria.

Treatment of pollen allergy

If a person has signs of allergies, it must as soon as possible to see a doctor for help. Most often for the treatment of pollen allergy antihistamines and decongestants are used, they reduce the inflammation of the mucous membranes and quickly restore nasal breathing.

If pollen allergy does not pass within a few years, the doctor can offer specific desensitization method. It is based on the principle of "like cures like." A small amount of allergen is injected into the body, eventually antibodies appear in the blood, antibodies increase the resistance of the organism.

When there is a pollen allergy, it is very important to follow preventive measures. A patient should not use drugs or cosmetics, consisting of containing plant extracts Also during flowering of different herbs it is not recommended to go on nature. If there is a worsening of the disease, it is necessary to wash once every two hours, and shower rinsed three times per day.

Do not dry the laundry on the balcony or on the street, as the pollen is deposited on the fabric. A patient should have air purifier in the house.

Other articles on this topic:

Drug allergy

Systemic lupus erythematosus