Medical Encyclopedia

Laryngitis

What is laryngitis?

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx. It may be chronic and acute. Acute inflammation is manifested as a result of infection of the upper respiratory tract or overvoltage vocal folds. The symptoms - hoarseness, cough, sometimes shortness of breath. The patient was constantly tormented by a desire to cough, his throat as if someone is tickling, burning, there is dryness in the mouth. When there are these symptoms in children, parents need to watch them because, in addition to catarrhal laryngitis, they may be messengers of the two severe inflammation of the larynx - viral croup and bacterial inflammation of the epiglottis.

Symptoms of laryngitis

  • Hoarseness to aphonia.
  • Burning sensation in the throat.
  • Irritant desire to cough.
  • "Barking" cough, shortness of breath.
  • Fever, swollen neck, nausea, impaired swallowing.

Causes of laryngitis

The most common cause of laryngitis is a viral infection of the nasopharynx, which also covers the larynx.

Treatment of laryngitis

Laryngitis

While preserving the voice, the inflammation of the larynx passes quickly.

First, you must try to ensure that the indoor air was humid as possible. Furthermore, steam inhalation and abundant hot drink help in treating.

If symptoms persist, despite these funds, you will need to see a doctor. The sooner you see a doctor, the faster the tumor vocal cord will be diagnosed. If a child is ill with laryngitis, it’s necessary to address the pediatrician. Before the arrival of the doctor or ambulance, it is recommended to keep the child in a bathroom full of steam.

Depending on the diagnosis, doctor prescribes medicines that suppress coughs, thinning mucus, reduce swelling - antibiotics or steroids. When a suspicious tumor, tissue is taken on the vocal folds to explore.

Course of the disease

Catarrhal laryngitis often begins with the viral infection of nasopharynx. Chronic laryngitis is more common in smokers and people who are constantly breathing in dry air.

Is laryngitis a dangerous disease?

Laryngitis in adults is not usually dangerous. However, the children with the threat of viral croup or epiglottitis must be carefully observed. When there are first symptoms of laryngitis (swelling of the neck, fever), contact your doctor immediately. If the child starts to choke, immediately call an ambulance. Asthma is usually more intense at night and in the morning. Laryngitis is repeated in children who are prone to respiratory ailments.

When there is hoarseness in adults more than 3-4 weeks, it is imperative to find out the cause. To do this, contact an audiologist.

Other articles:

Pulmonary edema

Bronchiectasis