Medical Encyclopedia

Keloids

What is keloids?

Keloids are overgrowth of fibrous scar tissue at the site of traumatic injury to the skin. Typically, keloid scars occur on the face, neck, upper body. These are dense, sometimes itchy, formed in the connective tissue swelling of the skin, which after burns or vaccination may become scars. Keloid can be single, but sometimes cover more extensive areas of the body. It is also characteristic that the skin in those areas is significantly thinner, hair stop growing on the skin.

Symptoms of keloids

  • Dense swelling of the skin bluish-red color, arising due to illness or traumatic injury to the skin.
  • Initially, the site of scar formation itching and pain on pressure is felt.

Causes of keloids

Typically, these scars occur after wound healing due to illness or skin. For some people, scars are formed for no apparent reason. In this case, these formations are called spontaneous keloids. It is assumed that the tendency to keloid is innate. Furthermore, there is a group of genetic diseases, which are characterized by deficiency or alteration of collagen during the healing process which is very slow and after healing keloid scars remain.

Treatment of keloids

If the scars are small and do not cause inconvenience, then treat them is not necessary. However, there are many different methods of treatment. For small keloids prognosis is favorable. Sometimes the patient is completely gets rid of scars due to treatment of glucocorticoid drugs - scars are lubricated with ointment containing glucocorticoids or its solution is injected into the scar. If the localization of keloids allows, a pressure bandage is applied to them.

Keloids

Inveterate scars can be softened using classical massage, after brushing their respective ointments. Finally, the scars can be removed with operative method. However, in most cases it is inexpedient, since later on the site of the old keloid scars a new one is formed.

Self-treatment of these scars is prohibited.

If you need treatment of keloids, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Only doctor can decide which treatment is most effective.

Usually the doctor observes the wound healing process, so he may note the formation of new keloids and take appropriate action.

Course of the disease

Typically, keloid scars are formed after trauma. They occur in a few weeks after healing of skin damage, and after a few months or even years turn into scars (swelling of the skin, which are formed in the connective tissue). First, there is only an itch, and then a strong redness. If keloids occupy a vast area of the skin, it is possible to limit the mobility of the joint below it. Later scars can condense.

Are keloids dangerous?

Keloids - benign seal, ie they are not dangerous by themselves. However (depending on the size and location) keloids can cause psychological trauma as they can greatly disfigure the human body. In addition, if there is new location keloid damage, their healing is very difficult, which may pose a risk to human life.

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Atheroma

Xanthoma