Medical Encyclopedia

Impetigo

What is impetigo?

Impetigo - an acute infectious disease of the skin, which often sick children. The main symptom of impetigo is small or large vesicles with purulent contents, which appear in the local reddening of the skin. Characteristically, these bubbles quickly burst; their contents form a thick crust of honey-colored. This skin infection caused by streptococci, staphylococci frequently. Staphylococci - spherical bacteria, which are clusters under the microscope look like a bunch of grapes. Impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus, is dangerous because if left untreated may septicemia, pneumonia.

Symptoms of impetigo

  • Large or small abscesses in the field reddening of the skin. The bubbles quickly burst, oozing red sores appear. Then die forming a honey-colored crust.

Causes of impetigo

Impetigo - a contagious bacterial infection is very, activators of which are bacteria that can cause inflammation and pharynx, and rheumatism, and even septic shock. These bacteria are particularly quickly penetrating the microscopic lesions of the skin, and insect bites. Usually infection occurs directly from a sick person or through contaminated items. Most often ill babies and adults with weakened immune systems are not in their observance of personal hygiene and poor sanitary conditions.

Treatment of impetigo

Impetigo

Usually, the doctor prescribes antibiotics that act on pathogens of impetigo. These drugs are in the form of an ointment may be applied directly to wounds or taken in pill form.

In the human disease, it is important to treat prophylactically all who are in contact with him. The patient should be isolated. If you want to avoid impetigo, you must adhere to the rules of personal hygiene. Particularly careful you need to care for skin of the baby, bathe regularly, often to wash clothes, clean and ventilate the room.

If untreated, impetigo can sometimes amazed at the vital organs, so when the first symptoms of the disease, you should consult a physician.

Most often, an experienced doctor will determine the disease only in appearance when viewed from the skin. However, in case of doubt, a physician analyzes a tissue sample under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis. In any case, the doctor will swab. Sterile lump of cotton wool, he will hold on infected skin, place the sample into the tube and pass into the laboratory, which will establish the infectious agent and an antibiotic, the optimum working on all bacteria. In addition, the doctor will remove the honey-colored crust, anoint the skin with an ointment containing the antibiotic.

Course of the disease

The most dangerous complication of the disease - inflammation of the kidneys - currently very rare. Antibiotics must be taken within 10 days. During this time the affected area of skin is almost completely healed, but scars may remain only if the disease is severe. In adults, untreated impetigo is progressing rapidly - could begin so-called lymphangitis (inflammation of the lymphatic vessels), which is manifested in the increase of lymph nodes, swelling of the extremities.

If a child is ill impetigo, then antibiotics should treat all who deal with them, so you can avoid further spread of disease. In addition, the infected person should refrain from any contact.

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