Cardiology

Hypotension

Blood pressure is a low, when systolic blood pressure is less than 100 mm Hg and diastolic blood – less than 60 mm Hg. However, a person may feel bad and at 100 and 110 mm Hg, in this case the pressure is too low. Hypotension is not a serious illness, and distinct symptoms are rare ailments. Many patients simply feel dizzy or they feel tired. On long standing in one place, people feel blackouts and fainting. Specific form – the so-called orthostatic hypotension, which is associated with the gravitational pull of the earth and the vertical position of the body.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue.
  • Dizziness.
  • Blackouts.
  • Frequent fainting.
  • Weakness.

Causes

First of all, blood pressure depends on the amount of circulating blood that the heart ejects with each contraction. It is also due to resistance, which is in the blood vessels. The lower the heart ejects blood into the blood vessels, the lower the blood pressure. Orthostatic hypotension occurs in the event that the arterial blood pressure when standing up is reduced by more than 20 mm Hg. Cause of it – poor circulation, in which blood with a sharp rising accumulates in the blood vessels of the lower extremities, not enough blood gets to the heart and brain. That’s why a person begins to feel dizzy. Blood pressure can be very large drop in blood loss during prolonged bed rest or heart failure, as the appearance of metabolic certain hormones. Due to disease varicose veins much blood can accumulate in the lower extremities, which will cause a sharp decline in arterial blood pressure.

Treatment

If hypotension does not cause pain, then there is no need to treat it. Only in rare cases drugs that increase blood pressure are used. First, you need to sleep well, do morning exercise, move more. It is recommended to use food, abundant animal protein and vitamins. If the cause of hypotension is another disease, that this disease should be treated.

You should consult with a constant feeling of fatigue, frequent dizziness, sudden blackouts or if you experience possible fainting

The doctor listens to the heart, lungs, measure blood pressure, examine your feet for the presence of varicose veins.

Course of the disease

Hypotension is not a disease, but a condition, due to which there may be some discomfort. If your blood pressure is low, then it remains so for life.

Is hypotension a dangerous disease?

If the pressure is suddenly reduced, the person can lose consciousness and be seriously injured in the fall. With constant heart failure there are weakness, dizzy, pains in the heart. For pathological hypotension organs need blood and the person becomes less efficient.

Prevention

It is impossible to protect yourself from hypotension – it is a hereditary disease. You should avoid situations in which you can feel discomfort, which is caused by low blood pressure.