Blood diseases

Hyperemia – symptoms, causes, treatment

Water makes up about 60% of the weight of a healthy person, the blood – about 7.5-8.5%. At 55% of the blood is water. In the healthy person there is a balance between the water that comes in body with food or formed during metabolism, and water, which is released from the body (in urine and emptying).

In the human body salt binds water, and certain hormones control the release of water by regulating the activity of the kidneys. Hyperemia, or plethora, appears as a result of violations of water-electrolyte or hormonal imbalance or to increase the number of cellular or extracellular fluid entering the blood.


  • Weight gain, edema.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Lethargy, drowsiness.
  • Palpitations, shortness of breath.
  • Headaches.


Hyperemia – a consequence of water stress. This may be due to a violation of water removal from the body, which occurs, for example, kidney stones or an enlarged prostate (prostatic hypertrophy). Other possible causes – lesions of various organs, especially the heart or renal failure, inflammation of the kidney or renal pelvis, liver cirrhosis, diseases of the central nervous system, kidney medication (eg due to medication for rheumatism, or lower your blood pressure), laxative abuse drugs, radiation defeat or heavy metal poisoning. Other reasons for the increased number of circulating blood – a violation of the outflow of lymph, circulatory disease (atherosclerosis or thrombosis), and malnutrition. Hyperemia develops with the accumulation in the body of a large number of liquid, which is caused by a violation of its excretion.


The first step is to strictly limit the use of fluids and eat right. In addition, the doctor will prescribe quick-acting diuretic drugs. You can also reduce flushing with kidney dialysis. For a person to be fully recovered, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease. In severe cases hospitalization is required.

It all depends on the disease that caused the violation. It is important to stick to a diet, which is prescribed by a doctor.

If for some cause body weight begins to increase, you should consult your doctor. Other signs of increasing the amount of blood – swelling, puffiness, shortness of breath (if any of these symptoms you should also seek immediate medical attention.)

The gradual increase in body weight allows the physician to assume that the patient suffers from hyperemia due to excess body water. Strict diet, limiting the number of calories consumed, the normalization of water balance allows reducing body weight. If the weight is not reduced, the doctor may suggest the presence of an excessive amount of blood. Change in the blood provides additional information. In this case, the doctor is trying to find the root disease.

The basic condition for maintaining water balance – proper nutrition and fluid intake. Early treatment of various organic diseases is extremely important.

Course of the disease

In chronic diseases, leading to an increase in the number of circulating blood, there is a swelling of the entire body or just the face, hands and feet. Also swelling of internal organs (brain, lungs, etc.) is possible. If the amount of blood increases suddenly, there are apathy, headache, nose bleeding and vomiting. There are rapid breathing, seizures, drowsiness, impaired orientation. In extreme cases, as a result of impaired renal function, heart, lungs or brain, death can occur patient.

Athletes, which are heavily sweating during exercise, should compensate for the lack of fluid and electrolytes. The amount of blood may increase if you drink the water without minerals. To make up for the loss of fluid you need to drink some salt or sugar water or mineral water with high sodium content.