Hemangioma is a formation in the skin or mucous membrane. Hemangioma may be flat, in the form of nodules or elevation, and also may be like a birthmark. Sometimes a peculiar pattern can be considered on hemangioma. Hemangioma is composed of abnormally formed blood vessels – arteries, veins or capillaries. If you put pressure on it, it pales. Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor. It usually occurs in children, adolescents and the elderly. These tumors can occur in any part of the human body, but more often are located on the face, forehead, and neck.
- There are a variety of hemangioma in shape, color and size: flat or rising above the skin; from light red to bluish color; the size of a needle’s eye to spot covering half the surface of the skin.
There are different types of hemangiomas:
- Capillary hemangiomas – the most common tumor in infants. The tumor is formed in the first months of life of the sprawling capillaries grows for 1-3 years, then decreases and disappears on its own. As a rule, it completely disappears by about 5 years. The most famous capillary hemangioma – a so-called vascular birthmarks, they can take up to half of the face.
- Cavernous hemangioma is formed from larger blood vessels. They are convex and can be significant. Tumors are located in the skin, but also can be found in the mucosa and even brain. Cavernous hemangiomas are never alone. It is most venous anomalies, and not true hemangiomas.
- Telangiectasia (also refer to hemangiomas) – small flat spots on the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory and urinary tracts.
- Arachnids hemangiomas are more common in children and the elderly. They appear as a result of expansion of capillaries and are similar to the bluish thread web.
- Senile hemangioma, despite their name, can occur in people of middle age, for example, on the third ten. However, they are relatively rare. These red papules are not dangerous. They often resemble small, blood-filled sacs.
Hemangiomas occur in one out of 100 newborns and one of four premature infants. Their causes are different. Sometimes the appearance of the tumor is due to a hereditary factor.
Arachnids hemangiomas arise during pregnancy and liver diseases. However, this tumor often appears for no apparent reason.
Treatment of hemangiomas depends on their type. Growth of capillary hemangiomas in children is suspended using hormones, glucocorticoids. Cavernous hemangiomas can be treated by irradiation. Senile and arachnids hemangiomas can be removed using cautery or laser. Hemangiomas often disappear on their own, so do not require special treatment.
Any change on the skin should be examined by a doctor. When you select the blood of hemangiomas or its location in places of frequent injuries consult a doctor immediately. Unfortunately, most hemangiomas of the internal organs of and brain do not cause a symptom, that’s why they are found randomly or too late.
If the doctor determines that hemangioma is a symptom any serious illness, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease.
Self-medication is contraindicated. Vascular birthmark can be masked using makeup.
Course of the disease
Hemangiomas usually remain in their place of origin and do not spread to other areas of the skin. However, there are exceptions – a capillary hemangioma. This tumor of blood vessels can grow for several years, but when the child reaches the age of five, they are disappearing. Hemangiomas of liver, heart, lung, brain are dangerous, because when they break a person dies.