Infectious diseases

Erysipelas

Erysipelas is inflammation of the skin, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria. Pathogens introduced through wounds in the skin in the lymphatic system. Rarer disease develops from deep under the inflammatory focus, such as boils, abscesses or joint with pustular or inflammatory lesions. Begins fever patient, painful redness and swelling of the skin with sharp edges appear. Most often erysipelas is seen on the hands, face and legs.

Symptoms

  • High body temperature (40°C).
  • Chill.
  • Painful redness with clear boundaries.
  • At the location of the lesion skin is swollen and hot.
  • Sometimes there are blisters.
  • Location of the defeat – the face and legs.

Causes

As a rule, the wound through which the streptococci (pathogens of erysipelas) penetrate small, for example, it may be damaged corners of your lips or skin shin. Especially bacteria are easily incorporated into the human body through the leg sores. Usually Erysipelatous wounds are seen in patients with weakened immune systems. It is important to differentiate the erysipelas from the erysipeloid – very similar disease, which is carried by animals. This disease predominantly affects workers of meat and fish industry.

Treatment

When the first symptoms of erysipelas, you should immediately seek medical attention. First of all, a doctor would appoint the drug with bactericidal action. Often, the patient must be treated in the hospital (as long as the fever and redness disappear).

Course of the disease

The incubation period is very short – a few hours, sometimes 2-3 days. Then a sharp progression begins: the patient has strongly fever, headache, weakness. Later you can see signs of skin lesions. Often, when erysipelas, there are bubbles on the lips. At the site of the lesion, except skin edema with clear boundaries, there is rapidly spreading redness. It shines, hard, hot and extremely painful. The crumbly subcutaneous connective tissue, the greater the swelling. The disease is treated with antibiotics, sulfonamides and other drugs. Medication ensures rapid recovery of the patient. However, if he has a predisposition to erysipelas, the disease may recur.

If pathogens of erysipelas affect the nerves, meninges, kidneys, ears, or other human organs, inflammation in these areas can begin, sometimes causes the heavy residual. The disease can be complicated by abscess, cellulitis, swollen lymph nodes, blood poisoning. Erysipelatous wound infection is extremely dangerous for young children, and in some cases even fatal! Avoidance of complications is possible only with timely treatment. If symptoms appear, you should see a doctor immediately.

Is it a dangerous disease?

Usually the patient is recovering. But sometimes the disease is very severe (for example, when the delayed treatment, the infection affects the internal organs). The disease can be complicated by ulcers, swollen lymph nodes and meninges, blood poisoning.

Prevention

  • It is urgent to treat diseases that favor infection (eg, foot fungus or leg sores).
  • Diabetics should strictly follow a diet. This will help to avoid ulcers.
  • It is important to handle even minor wounds – so you can prevent infection.