Complex regional pain syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome is characterized by changes in certain tissues of the body. Most often the joint of the lower or upper limbs is affected, the disease covers the skin, soft tissue and bone. At first the disease was described in 1900 by German surgeon Paul Martin Sudeck (1866-1938).
Symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome
The first stage:
The third stage:
Causes of complex regional pain syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome may develop as a result of the defeat of the previously injured tissue or excessive burden on the injured bone. The compression of the tissue at the wrong bandaging or scars that violate blood circulation can be cause of the disease. It is expected that the development of dystrophy occurs under the influence of psycho-emotional factor - the disease often affects mainly very sensitive, suffering from various phobias people.
Treatment of complex regional pain syndrome
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. The acute stage of the disease is characterized by intense muscle condition. The affected limb is immobilized with a special bus. Reflexology and medication helps to normalize the tone of the autonomic nervous system. Thermotherapy or cryotherapy, as well as therapeutic exercises are used for chronic course of the disease to stimulate circulation and restore mobility.
In the acute stage, it is necessary to spare the sick limb.
The first symptom of complex regional pain syndrome is the inflammation: the skin becomes red, swollen, itchy, and after a while becomes bluish. Movement of the affected limb is very painful. Inflammation does not necessarily becomes into complex regional pain syndrome, but after its occurrence you should to see a doctor. Sometimes the inflammation disappears spontaneously, but it is prone to relapse, which contribute to the development of dystrophy.
The doctor will do an x-ray of the affected part of the body and immobilizes the patient limb. He will appoint a pain medication, corticosteroids, calcium supplements. Sometimes the pain is reduced surgically or by injection of medicines in the sympathetic nerves.
Course of the disease
Doctor Sudeck described three stages of the disease:
People suffering from Sudeck atrophy experience extreme pain, despite the fact that the pronounced physical changes may not be available.
Is complex regional pain syndrome dangerous?
Often, the first and second stages of the disease can still be cured. In the third stage atrophy occur which irreversibly affects tissue and joint. Physiotherapy can partially restore the mobility of the affected joint.
Prevention of complex regional pain syndrome
Reliable means of prevention are absent. You must constantly be careful. After trauma necessarily listen to the "warning signs" that your body "sends" to you.
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