Oncology

Colon cancer

Remains of chyme, which is not digested the body, from the small intestine enter the large intestine. Here, by dewatering chyme formed stool. The muscles of the colon push them into the rectum. Almost half of all cancers of digestive tract are a cancer of the colon (or rather, its three divisions – the ascending, horizontal and descending colon). Men suffer less colon cancer than women. Usually the disease manifests itself in people aged 60-70 years, in most cases – the inhabitants of cities, leading a sedentary lifestyle, eating large amounts of meat, as well as suffering from frequent constipation. At the beginning of pain are rare. Typically, there are constipation or irregular bowel movements or alternating diarrhea and constipation. Due to the fact that the intestine is provided with numerous blood and lymph vessels, rapidly metastasizing cancer (spread). The tumor can cause complete obstruction of the intestine.

Symptoms

  • Irregular bowel movements.
  • Constipation, and diarrhea.
  • Admixture of blood and mucus in the stool.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Emaciation.
  • Attacks of abdominal pain.

Causes

The causes of colon cancer are not clear. It is assumed that in addition to genetic predisposition for colon cancer is influenced by other factors such as diet and lifestyle.

Treatment

The patient was treated with a cancer hospital. Typically, doctors perform an operation that involves removing the affected part or the entire colon. Typically, the nearby lymph nodes are removed and the lymph vessels, which is necessary to prevent possible metastasis. With early diagnosis and proper treatment of colon cancer patient often recovers. Due to the fact that digestion can be carried out without the colon after surgery the patient can lead a normal life.

If disturbed emptying, intestinal torture constipation, diarrhea, bloating, stool comes in an admixture of mucus and blood, there are cramping abdominal pain, you should consult your doctor.

The first, doctor determines the cause of ailments. One of the methods used examination – palpation. With the help of a stethoscope and tapping the doctor will determine the venue lesions of the intestine. Often perform a colonoscopy – examination of the colon with the endoscope placed in the anus. During a colonoscopy, your doctor may take a sample of tissue for laboratory analysis. To clarify the diagnosis is also used X-ray examination of the intestine with the use of radiopaque substances. During this procedure, the doctor sees on the screen, as well as the speed at which the contrast moves through the intestines, ie the doctor can assess the patency of the intestine. Blood test results provide additional information regarding the presence of inflammation or infection.

Course of the disease

With progressive tumor growth gap narrows intestine, chyme moves more slowly, and eventually did get stuck – in this case manifested intestinal obstruction. Pain will only appear after tumor increases rapidly and begins to infringe on adjacent organs. In the stool appears admixture of mucus and blood.

Colon cancer as the cause of death is the second from all cancers. However, preventive examinations can detect this disease at an early stage. With timely removal of the tumor prognosis is favorable.