Medical Encyclopedia

Cholera

What is cholera?

People living in Europe or the U.S., and does not attend a foreign country can be assured that they will not get sick with cholera. However, there is a danger of travelling to the Middle and Far East, Africa and China: in these countries this infectious disease is very common. Cholera is caused by Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms of cholera: suddenly vomiting and diarrhea, low body temperature and thirst. In severe cases, the patient loses consciousness. The biggest danger with cholera - dehydration, which violates the circulation and kidney function.

Symptoms of cholera

  • Acute severe painless watery diarrhea with vomiting.
  • Excessive thirst due to fluid loss.
  • Weakness, loss of muscle tone.
  • Jerking of the muscles.

Causes of cholera

The main source of infection - a sick patient or cholera bacilli carrier. Vibrio cholera is ingested through infected body fluids, contaminated food and water. In the gut, these pathogens are killed, but a dedicated poison enters the body.

Treatment of cholera

The biggest threat for cholera - the loss of fluid. The patient was immediately sent to an infectious diseases hospital and isolated. First of all, you should try to compensate for lack of fluid copious drinking and introduction of non-saline droplets. In addition, antibiotics are prescribed.

Cholera

When cholera, patient should drink plenty of lightly salted water. People, who want to travel to the Far East, need to be vaccinated.

If a patient has diarrhea and vomiting, should seek emergency medical attention.

The doctor will conduct research and establish the presence or absence of disease. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics and try to normalize the water-salt metabolism. In some countries cholera is declared to diseases that health authorities should be informed. Quarantine is declared (in the high rates of infection with cholera), the patient is hospitalized.

Course of the disease

The latent period of the disease from infection to the onset of the symptoms lasts from a few hours to four days. Diarrhea and vomiting in a patient begin, he is suffocated. Extreme thirst tormented patient, blood pressure drops, the amount of urine is reduced, and there are convulsions. In the absence of timely assistance death is possible.

Is cholera a dangerous disease?

Currently, 10.7% of people die from cholera. Due to dehydration supply of oxygen worsens, functions of heart, brain and kidneys are violated.

Vaccinations against the disease are required in India, Nepal, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia, recommended or required in Africa and Latin America. When travelling, do not eat fresh fruits and vegetables, drink unboiled water.

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