Oncology

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of female genital mutilation. In most developed countries it accounts for 10% of all malignant tumors in women. Cervical cancers in women suffer mainly 40-60 years, to a large group ranked the risk of women 45-50 years of age. Meanwhile, a woman giving birth at least once, with this disease suffers much less than not having children. Of all women with cancer, only 5% are giving birth. When the disease is affected by this type of cancer cervix – about 2 cm connecting the uterus and vagina. During pregnancy, the cervix is closed. Cervical cancer is formed from the modified cells of the mucosa.

Symptoms

  • Leucorrhoea (sometimes brown or the color of meat slops).
  • Intermenstrual bleeding.
  • Bleeding or discharge after sexual intercourse.

Causes

The relatively high incidence of cervical cancer due to reaction of the mucous membranes of the uterus and vagina, which have different structures. These mucous membranes produce a different composition of mucus, sometimes a mucous discharge mucosa strongly irritate the mucous membrane of another. For this reason, over time there may be cellular changes that predetermine cervical cancer. It is assumed that the 40-60-year-old women often develop cancer of the cervix due to the fact that during this period changes the structure of the mucous membranes. In addition, the mucous membrane of the uterine mouth grows into the cervix, so the cells can vary over time and become cancerous. It is assumed that the occurrence of the disease is influenced by viruses and sexually transmitted diseases, inflammation, polyps, ulcers and other amazing cervix pathological processes, changes in hormone metabolism, synthetic toxins or other pollutants of the environment.

All women 20 and older, at least once a year should contact your gynecologist for a checkup. The fact that the pre-stage (when there are changes, but the tumor has not yet become malignant) can last up to 15 years. In the early stages of diagnosis the probability of recovery is high – nearly 100%. If leucorrhoea and blood from the vagina between periods there is an urgent need to address to the gynecologist.

The doctor will swab from the vagina and the tissue sample. Both of these procedures are painful, but painful. Smears examined in the laboratory, the reliability of response – 95%. For a more precise diagnosis used a magnifying glass specially designed for the inspection of the mucosa.

Treatment

The operation is the most important treatment for cervical cancer. The volume of transactions depends on the stage of the disease – sometimes enough to remove only the affected part of the mucosa. In the later stage of cancer is usually removed and the uterus. Often, as a precaution and removed the ovaries of the vagina and nearby lymph nodes, the so-called operation is performed total removal. In certain cases, radiation therapy is appointed. The last method of treatment is often assigned to and after surgery.

Course of the disease

After the initial stage of the cancer grows primarily in the surrounding connective tissue. Later, at the tumor appear ulcers, and it grows in the vagina and uterus. It can spread to the rectum and bladder. And finally, squeezing the nerve fibers, the swelling can cause unusually severe pain, which can quench the morphine. In the treatment of the middle stage of cervical cancer the likelihood of recovery of about 60-75%, but if the disease is started, the likelihood of recovery is much lower.

Prevention

This type of cancer appears spontaneously. To prevent cervical cancer is almost impossible. It is important to regularly visit the gynecologist. With timely diagnosis of the disease is always a chance of recovery.