Category: Respiratory diseases

The most common disease of the lungs and respiratory system – tuberculosis, pleurisy, pneumonia, bronchitis, pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, and embolism.

Respiratory diseases

Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax (Gr. pneuma – breath, thorax – chest) – accumulation of air in the pleural cavity. Air enters the closed pleural cavity at break its walls, accumulating, it compresses the lung. Pneumothorax is a relatively rare condition. However, it can occur at a young age, and in healthy humans. Symptoms Stabbing pain in the side. …

Respiratory diseases

Pneumoconiosis

Pneumoconiosis is a chronic lung disease, which is caused by industrial dust. Dust settles in the bronchi and lungs, causing growth of connective tissue, mechanical or chemical injury of tissues. This is a professional disease, which most often affects miners, and persons who are engaged in engineering, metal, cement, glass, textiles, for a long time, …

Respiratory diseases

Chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes. Bronchi branch into the bronchioles, alveoli that end, in which the metabolism occurs between the inhaled air and the blood: the human body absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide. There are small cilia (ciliated epithelium) on the bronchial mucosa. Being in constant motion, they remove dust …

Respiratory diseases

Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis – an inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles, which has an infectious origin. The trachea and bronchi are covered with mucous membrane. For various reasons, an inflammation of the mucous membrane can occur, which swells, secretes more mucus. There are breathing disorders, strong cough, breathing is difficult. Acute bronchitis can be a …

Respiratory diseases

Psittacosis

A person can become infected with pathogens of psittacosis from any type of birds. Ornithosis (psittacosis) – severe infectious disease, which is caused by bacteria that resistant to disinfectants. Infection occurs through contact with parrots. The causative agent of the disease – chlamydia psittaci (from Lat. «psitta» – parrot). There are four species of сhlamydia, …

Respiratory diseases

Laryngitis

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx. It may be chronic and acute. Acute inflammation is manifested as a result of infection of the upper respiratory tract or overvoltage vocal folds. The symptoms – hoarseness, cough, sometimes shortness of breath. The patient was constantly tormented by a desire to cough, his throat as if someone …

Respiratory diseases

Bronchiectasis

The trachea is divided into the bronchial tubes – tubular aeriferous branches, which do not allow fallen down cartilaginous rings, which are in their walls. Human bronchi are compressed to normal size with a strong exhale through the small muscles. As a result of a variety of diseases and certain congenital disorders expansion of cylindrical …

Respiratory diseases

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema – the accumulation of fluid in the interstitial tissue (interstitial pulmonary edema) and (or) in the alveoli of the lungs (alveolar pulmonary edema) by plasma extravasation from vessels of the pulmonary circulation. Often, pulmonary edema occurs suddenly, but sometimes the process is chronic. Symptoms Severe shortness of breath. Blueness of the skin. Noisy …

Respiratory diseases

Pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) – a group of lung diseases in humans and animals, which is characterized by inflammation in the alveoli in the lung tissue and bronchial tubes. In humans, it’s caused by viruses, pneumatic or staphylococci and other microorganisms. Depending on the amount of damage the doctors distinguish croupous pneumonia (pleuropneumonia, with …

Respiratory diseases

Bronchial asthma

Bronchial asthma – a chronic disease of the respiratory system in which there are attacks of breathlessness. These attacks begin suddenly, sometimes people feel a tickle in the nose and throat. They are caused by impaired patency of the bronchial muscle spasm due to small airways, swelling of the mucous membrane and plugging them sticky …