Category: Orthopaedy

Orthopaedy is a section of medicine, which studies the diseases of skeleton, bones and joints.

Orthopaedy

Volkmann’s contracture

Volkmann’s contracture is a joint ankylosis due to insufficiency of circulation of blood. The most known case of carpal contracture with claw finger position is named «clawed paw»: the wrist is in a bent position at impossibility even insignificant compression of fingers in a fist or its complete unbending. This disease is named after the …

Orthopaedy

Tietze syndrome

Tietze syndrome is characterized by pain and swelling at the transition of cartilage into bone tissue. It is an inflammation of the rib cartilage of unknown etiology. Most often formed swelling disappears as suddenly as it appears. Usually the disease process develops in cartilage of II and III ribs, much less – I and IV …

Orthopaedy

Tenosynovitis

Each tendon is surrounded by a kind of tube filled with synovial fluid, which facilitates sliding tendons and protects it from damage while reducing or relaxation of muscles. When the tendon sheath swelling, nodules are often formed, causing pain during movement of the muscles. Inflammation of the tendon sheath is called tenosynovitis. Symptoms Pain in …

Orthopaedy

Osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee is a progressive destruction of cartilage of knee-joint. Usually the articular surfaces of bones (places of articulation of bones) are covered by the layers of cartilage, which promote the normal mutual sliding of the articular surfaces of bones. At osteoarthritis of the knee this cartilaginous layer is worn away, thinned and, …

Orthopaedy

Dislocated shoulder

Dislocation – a displacement of articular ends of bones from normal position in a joint. The shoulder joint consists of the scapula, the glenoid cavity, the head of the humerus, articular cartilage, joint capsule, tendon of the biceps muscle, tendon sheath intertubercular. Wide articular shoulder capsule is loosely fitted to the joint, in some places …

Orthopaedy

Blount disease

Blount disease is a bending the upper part of the tibia, resulting in varus (O-shaped) or valgus (X-shaped) bone deformation. Other names for the disease: Erlacher-Blount disease, infantile tibia vara. The disease develops as a result of the defeat of epiphyseal cartilage of the tibia. Typically, Blount disease occurs in children aged 2-3 years, but …

Orthopaedy

Achilles tendonitis

Achilles tendon connects the muscles of shin and calcaneus. If there is too large loading on Achilles tendon, Achilles tendonitis is possible. Inflammation often affects not only the tendon, but the mucous bag, located between the Achilles tendon and calcaneus. An ordinary symptom of Achilles tendonitis – pains in a heel during loading. A tendon …