Category: Ophthalmology

Eyes give more than 80% of the total information about the world: with their help, we see objects that differ in color. Visual disturbances are very painful, limiting the beauty of life. Science that studies the diseases of the eye – ophthalmology. Let’s look at the main diseases of the eye and try to find a cure for the disease.

Ophthalmology

Scotoma

Eyeshot is part of space which can be seen through the eyes at an immobile head and immobile eyes. There are diseases of the eye, in which in a certain place the sharpness of sight is violated, dark patches, urgent scotomas, appear suddenly. A scotoma is a small area in sight, in which sight is …

Ophthalmology

Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a severe eye disease, manifested by progressive deformation of the cornea, which takes a conical shape. Initially, one break cell layer of the cornea, as a result, corneal rigidity is significantly reduced. Then, under the pressure of the intraocular fluid, the cornea bulges outwards, taking the form of a cone. Keratoconus leads to …

Ophthalmology

Iridocyclitis

Iridocyclitis is inflammation of iris, and also ciliary bodies of uvea. A word «iridocyclitis» came to us from Latin: «iridos» – a rainbow, «kykios» – a circle, shell. Another name of disease is front uveit. Separately inflammation of iris (iritis) or inflammation of ciliary body of vascular shell (cyclitis) meets sufficiently rare, it is therefore …

Ophthalmology

Color blindness

At the refraction of sunlight through a prism we get a color spectrum (from red to violet). A red color corresponds the range of lengths of waves of 650-700 nm, and violet – 400 nm. Shorter (UV) and longer (infrared) waves the human eye cannot see. Visible light waves of different lengths a person perceives …

Ophthalmology

Anisocoria

Anisocoria is the different size of pupils of the left and right eyes. The word “anisocoria” came to us from the Greek: anisos – unequal, kore – pupil. Such inequality of pupil size is associated with impaired innervation of internal eye muscles – circular, which is responsible for the contraction of the pupil (it’s called …

Ophthalmology

Amblyopia

Amblyopia is not the last place among the most common problems with sight. According to statistics, in Europe and United States about 1% of people suffer from amblyopia. The disease begins in childhood and the sooner treatment starts, the better. It is logical that the optimal functioning of a person is possible only with a …