Category: Oncology

Causes of benign and malignant tumors are not always clear, but the problem is the growth of cancer has long worried about the people and scientists.

Oncology

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer is frequent malignancy. It occurs in older people, usually men. At an early stage of stomach cancer is asymptomatic, so the disease is diagnosed late. Delays in operative treatment are the cause of high mortality of patients. Symptoms Initially, symptoms are mild: A sensitive stomach. Lack of appetite. Feeling of fullness. Weak pain …

Oncology

Esophageal cancer

Nine out of ten tumors of the esophagus are malignant tumors of the esophageal mucosa (esophageal cancer). Unfortunately, this form of cancer is particularly insidious, and therefore most often diagnosed too late when the tumor spreads to the esophagus, and heal the sick is no longer possible. Esophageal cancer – one of the cancers with …

Oncology

Laryngeal cancer

Larynx is the upper part of trachea, located between the pharynx and trachea. Swallowing the epiglottis covers the larynx to the airways did not get unwanted substances. In addition, the larynx is vocal folds, through which man is able to speak. The larynx and vocal apparatus works a big load. Also, they are affected by …

Oncology

Testicular cancer

A tumor that grows in the testis may consist of different types of cells. Most often, the tumor begins to form in an altered epithelial cell of the vas deferens testicles that produce seminal fluid. This type of cancer called seminoma. Fortunately, seminoma is not only the most common, but the most harmless kind of …

Oncology

Prostate cancer

The prostate gland (prostate) is part of the male genital organs. This is a small gland, which distinguishes the secret of joining the semen and sperm activity supports. Size and shape, it resembles a chestnut. The prostate gland weighs about 20 grams and is located between the bladder and rectum. It covers the initial part …

Oncology

Rectal cancer

Two-thirds of total colon tumors account for tumor of the rectum. The rectum (15-20 cm) – the last section of the colon – end outer opening of the anus. Typically, rectal cancer arises from intestinal polyps. However, cancer does not develop in all kinds of polyps, but only from those on the surface of which …

Oncology

Colon cancer

Remains of chyme, which is not digested the body, from the small intestine enter the large intestine. Here, by dewatering chyme formed stool. The muscles of the colon push them into the rectum. Almost half of all cancers of digestive tract are a cancer of the colon (or rather, its three divisions – the ascending, …

Oncology

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of female genital mutilation. In most developed countries it accounts for 10% of all malignant tumors in women. Cervical cancers in women suffer mainly 40-60 years, to a large group ranked the risk of women 45-50 years of age. Meanwhile, a woman giving birth at …

Oncology

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a malignant tumor of the thyroid gland. There are several forms of thyroid cancer. The most common is papillary cancer, which, unlike other forms, less aggressive, so the results of his treatment quite successful. Types of thyroid cancer originating from differentiated cells (true cancer or carcinoma), grow slowly and metastasize late. Undifferentiated …

Oncology

Chronic myeloid leukemia

This is a type of leukemia with predominance in the peripheral blood of bone marrow elements. «Mielos» translated from Greek mean «bone marrow». The term “leukemia” brings together many of the hematopoietic system tumors arising from hematopoietic cells, and usually affecting the bone marrow. With respect to all leukemia is a clonal theory of their …