Category: Cardiology

The heart plays a big role in a person’s life, the heart is the original motor in the body. Heart diseases cause enormous damage to the human body. Circulatory system is a system of blood vessels pumping blood throughout the body, is the support system for the heart, so that it can fulfill its functions.

Cardiology

Endocarditis

The heart walls inside are lined with a thin shell, which consists of a single layer of cells, which is located under the elastic connective tissue. Heart valves are formed from the folds of the inner lining (endocardium). Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart is called endocarditis. Endocarditis is divided into infectious (bacterial) …

Cardiology

Embolism

Embolism – a condition in which there is a blockage of the vessel lumen embolus – particles, which is brought by the bloodstream (detached blood clot, fat from damaged tissues or air, which trapped in the vessel, etc.). Pulmonary embolism, embolism of blood vessels, brain, heart, can cause death. After the blood clot (embolus) enters …

Cardiology

Polyarteritis nodosa

Polyarteritis nodosa (synonyms – panarteriit nodosa, periarteritis nodosa or disease Kussmaul-Maier) – inflammation of the arterial blood vessels of small and medium-sized, in which microaneurysms are formed, leading to progressive organ failure. Polyarteritis nodosa manifested by reactions associated with sensitive immune system. Over time, the walls of the blood vessels can thicken and lose their …

Cardiology

Vein thrombosis

The blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the organs are called arteries, and those that are carbonated blood from the organs to the heart – veins. Thrombus – a clot of blood in the blood vessel, partially or totally, the blood flow. A disease, in which blood clots are formed, is …

Cardiology

Stenocardia

Stenocardia is a sudden shortage of oxygen in the heart muscle due to narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart. This shortage, which is observed mainly during physical or emotional stress, is the cause of chest pain, or compression pressing nature. In addition, the feeling of tightness in the chest that occurs during the …

Cardiology

Elephantiasis

Elephantiasis – the general name of diseases, which are associated with the violation of lymph drainage. Elephantiasis is a disease of humans and some animal species: a significant increase in the individual parts of the body due to a sharp thickening of the skin and subcutaneous tissue due to chronic inflammation of the lymph, which …

Cardiology

Raynaud’s syndrome

Raynaud’s syndrome – paroxysmal disorders of blood circulation hands or feet that occur most often under the influence of cold. In this case, fingers numb, become pale, cold and cyanotic. Blood flow occurs in the blood vessel after the attack, which causes pain and redness of the hands and feet. There are two forms of …

Cardiology

Hypovolemic shock

All body systems are functioning only if the heart into the circulatory system delivers enough blood. If suddenly, for some reason this process is disrupted, there is hypovolemic shock in body. It is called a “cold”, as it is characterized by spasm of the small blood vessels of the limbs and the weakening circulation, which …

Cardiology

Heart failure

In some diseases, there is an infringement of the heartbeat. Pathological condition, which is caused by failure of the heart as a pump that provides blood supply to tissues and organs is called heart failure. Heart failure is not a separate disease, and the result of various disorders – heart can not push the artery …

Cardiology

Heart defects

Heart defects – congenital or acquired valvular heart disease. In humans and mammals there are four heart valves: the tricuspid, bicuspid, or mitral, and 2 semilunar. Bicuspid (mitral) valve is composed of two wings, which are attached to the edges of the left atrioventricular orifice. Through him the blood passes from the atrium to the …