Medical Encyclopedia

Bronchial asthma

What is bronchial asthma?

Bronchial asthma - a chronic disease of the respiratory system in which there are attacks of breathlessness. These attacks begin suddenly, sometimes people feel a tickle in the nose and throat. They are caused by impaired patency of the bronchial muscle spasm due to small airways, swelling of the mucous membrane and plugging them sticky discharge. Viscous mucus makes it difficult to exhale and inhale. The patient experiences a painful feeling of suffocation and a strong fear of suffocation.

Symptoms of bronchial asthma

  • A sudden gasp (the patient gasps stronger during exhalation than during inhalation).
  • Scratchy throat.
  • The fear of choking, fear.
  • Exhalation difficult.
  • Wheezing.
  • Bluish skin color (cyanosis), sweat.
  • Cough with phlegm.

Causes of bronchial asthma

The most important factor is the sensitivity of the airways to a variety of allergic and non-specific stimuli.

Bronchial lumen is regulated by complex neurohormonal system. It is influenced by the state of the autonomic nervous system of humans, immune system, infectious diseases, psychological factors, so the attack can be caused by stress, pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome or different allergens.

Bronchial asthma

Often the disease starts from the flu or pneumonia, it can manifest itself in chronic respiratory diseases.

Treatment of bronchial asthma

If a person is sick, not only asthma but also other chronic respiratory disease, then first of all doctor tries to eliminate the cause of a disease. After that, an allergist explores the substance to which the patient's respiratory system is so sensitive. Most asthma attack is caused by stress, so one of the treatments - psychotherapy.

In order to prevent the patient should spend more time outdoors. In addition, the patient needs to know what the substance (and appropriate) cause him attack and avoid them. Folk medicine recommends treating bronchial asthma attack with tea of mullein (bear ear) acting antispasmodic. Similarly, you can use hot baths for feet and hands. A person suffering from bronchial asthma, must constantly carry an inhaler and use it in case of attack. If the attack fails, you need to call an ambulance.

In bronchial asthma immediately after the first attack you should seek medical attention.

The doctor examines the airways and will treat the symptoms of physical illness - prescribe medicines, will write a prescription for an inhaler. The doctor will try to detect the substance and emotional causes of the attack.

Course of the disease

The severity and frequency of attacks varies. Bronchial asthma may resolve itself. It is known that change in the conditions and lifestyle influences favorably to treatment. If a child falls ill, and the disease is moderate, it is usually held to adolescence. Sometimes bronchial hypersensitivity to stimuli may remain for a lifetime.

Is bronchial asthma a dangerous disease?

In protracted attack of asthma, which is life-threatening, emergency medical help is needed.

Currently, bronchial asthma in the world affects about 100 million people. If you at least once choked with food, then you can imagine what it feels like when you can not breathe in enough air, and it seems that you are about to suffocate. About the same patients with bronchial asthma feel during an attack. Asthma is suddenly starting attacks due to acute narrowing of the bronchial tubes. Acute attacks are taking urgent measures to eliminate bronchoconstriction, reduce their swelling and improve ventilation. After an attack, treatment usually is to prevent the creation or elimination of factors that could trigger another attack.

Bronchial asthma attack can trigger many factors. This may be allergic to the pollen of some plants, animal dander, certain foods or drugs, etc. In addition, the cause of an asthma attack can be a lot of stress, emotional strain, anxiety, fatigue, increased physical activity, as well as evaporation, irritating the lungs, etc.

Fear, that can trigger and intensify asthma attack, can be reduced by applying a variety of relaxation techniques (such as autogenic training). This method can be trained in special courses in school for asthmatics. He is taught by some doctors, for example, neurologists, psychologists and psychotherapists.

It happens that asthma is an occupational disease

Allergens often cause asthma as an occupational disease. Experience shows that each professional group can have different allergen. The most effective method of treatment - urgently to establish an allergen and to avoid contact with him. Therefore, a person with occupational asthma often has to change jobs.

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