Infectious diseases

Borreliosis

Borreliosis (Lyme disease) is caused by a spirochete genus Borrelia. The disease is characterized by early skin lesions and erythema migrans. Deterioration of the nervous system, heart, joints can occur the weeks and even months. Tick-borne borreliosis is best known. Infection occurs through the bite of an infected tick.

Symptoms

  • Red spot on the site of the tick bite.
  • General malaise, pain in the joints.
  • Neurological symptoms.
  • Increasing redness.

Causes

Vectors of pathogens borreliosis are infected ticks, although the possibility of infection transmission and other blood-sucking insects is not excluded. In various countries, the number of ticks infected with borrelia ranges from 5 to 60%. It is assumed that a lot of people suffering from rheumatism, his illness should be “grateful” mites infect them many years ago.

Treatment

After identifying Lyme doctor prescribes antibiotics for the patient. In the first stage treatment is outpatient, second or third – in hospital.

Ticks get on clothes of people while walking in the woods, and then, after reaching the skin, attach themselves. Especially a lot of ticks are on forest edges. Therefore, before going into the woods to dress up: clothing should cover the whole body, it is recommended to wear a hat or tie a scarf. In recent years, mites are often found in parks and large cities, it is recommended to walk only on paths or trails of the park.

If the tick has stuck, it must be removed as quickly as possible. If it is not able to make your own, see your doctor. If, after a tick bite on the skin appears reddish, swollen joints or develop neurological symptoms should see a doctor immediately.

Course of the disease

Borreliosis symptoms appear in more than 50% of people over 3-30 days after being bitten by an infected tick. First of all, on the site of the bite there is a characteristic redness of the skin, which increases and may persist for several months. Also, sometimes there is an increase and close to the site of the bite of the regional lymph nodes. Often there are additional symptoms and general nature, such as fever, headache, stiff neck and neck muscles, migratory joint pain and muscle pain.

The first stage of the disease can occur virtually no symptoms, even without the rash. Since the beginning of the second stage of the disease, about one year after, the patient may experience some paralysis of the cranial nerves appear swallowing disturbances, vision, hearing, speech, or taste. Often, the disease begins with acute inflammation of the facial nerve. In addition, there may be signs of meningitis, may disrupt the function of the spinal cord begin myocarditis, an inflammation of the joints. Yet it sometimes happens spontaneously recovered without sequelae. However, despite the possibility of spontaneous recovery, you need to see a doctor, because the disease may progress to the third stage, which is characterized by a chronic and incurable dysfunction of the brain, heart and single joints.

Is it dangerous?

There is a possibility of recovery in case of timely diagnosis and treatment. It is possible to avoid severe disorders of the central nervous system and the joints in early use of antibiotics.

In the case of joint patient must consider the presence of borreliosis, especially if the inflammation began in the summer. In this case, you have to see a doctor.