Medical Encyclopedia

Basalioma and basal cell carcinoma

What is a basalioma (basal cell carcinoma)?

Cancer can affect any organ of a person, including the skin. Basalioma or basal cell carcinoma is a tumor with limited slow growth. Risk factors include: prolonged exposure to sunlight, exposure to inorganic arsenic, an increased sensitivity of skin to solar radiation. There is a tight knot or group of small nodules that form a small plaque just towering. After some time in the center of lesions formed by erosion or ulcer with a thin flake-crusted on the edges of which are visible close to each other tight knots. Later, these bundles dissolve and form an ulcer with a smooth, bright red bottom and a thick edge.

Symptoms of basalioma

  • Small shiny, loose knots (especially on the face and ears).
  • Ulcers and crusts.
  • Flat, high-density patches on the skin.
  • Bleeding from the affected skin.

Causes of basal cell carcinoma

Basalioma or basal cell carcinoma begins in the upper layer of skin - the epidermis consisting of stratified squamous epithelium. The lower cell layer called the germ, it formed new skin cells that are moving toward the surface, flatten to undergo keratinization and form a dense stratum corneum of the epidermis, protects the body against harmful factors.

The cells of the basal layer begin to "act"

There are moles on the skin. In the epidermis there are so-called basal cells, which begin to "act", especially when excessive load on the skin. For example, basalioma often occurs in people who are long in the sun. It is assumed that the occurrence of basal cell carcinoma stimulates the effect of intense sunlight. Basalioma can be single or multiple, often it occurs on the face and head.

The sun's rays and basalioma

Basalioma

When exposed to intense sunlight on the skin with a low content of pigment may occur degeneration of basal cells. There is a relationship between sun exposure and basal disease cancer. It is assumed that the development of skin cancer can affect the skin injuries, burns, chickenpox and some viruses. It is noticed that skin cancer is often sick people with weakened immune systems, such as after renal transplantation.

Treatment of basal cell carcinoma

Treatment of basal cell carcinoma depends on the size of the tumor, its localization, as well as the availability of risk to major organs - eyes, ears, mouth, bones, meninges, lungs. Doctors perform electrocoagulation, tumor sear spark AC high frequency. After that destroyed tissue separated themselves. Malignant tumor may be cut or destroyed by X-rays - this is important in the presence of metastases.

Self-treat the tumor is contraindicated.

If you experience any of these changes in the patient's skin should seek medical advice. There are various changes in the skin, called pre-cancerous diseases. If you change the age spots, their increase, as well as the rough edges of nevi should consult your doctor. With the accumulation of UV rays in the skin appears shiny, or senile, keratosis. There is redness, itching and nonhealing pink spot, covered with scales. If you change the spots you should consult with a physician.

A doctor examined the changed parts of skin, ask about how hard a change patches on the skin. If you suspect a skin cancer doctor will refer the patient to an oncologist, who, taking a tissue sample, will hold its analysis. When the diagnosis is confirmed oncologist prescribe treatment.

Course of the disease

First, basalioma represents only a small nodule, which gradually increased over several months produced a extended edge of the tumor that glitters. Often appears in the middle of the tumor cavity, in which there is an ulcer. Sometimes the tumors bleed, form a crust. If untreated, the tumor continues to grow. With timely treatment of the likelihood of recovery is very high.

Other articles on this topic:

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Pheochromocytoma