Medical Encyclopedia

Arsenic poisoning

What is arsenic poisoning?

Arsenic - a semimetal, which is found in all living organisms, as well as in the crust. Arsenic and its compounds (arsenic trioxide, arsenic acid and its salts, arsenious hydrogen, herbicides, pesticides, etc.) are causes a poisoning, getting into the body by inhalation, soaked from the gastrointestinal tract and the skin surface. The main inorganic compound of arsenic is arsenic trioxide. For human toxic dose of 0.01-0.05 g, if the arsenic content reaches 0.1-0.3 g, the hope of salvation remains.

Symptoms of arsenic poisoning

Acute arsenic poisoning:

  • Vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain.
  • Violation of swallowing.
  • Thirst, colic.
  • The collapse.
  • Respiratory failure.
  • Renal failure.

Chronic arsenic poisoning:

  • Dark-gray skin.
  • Thickening of the stratum corneum.
  • Eczema and skin ulcers.
  • Baldness, the appearance of transverse grooves on nails.
  • Damage to the kidneys, liver and brain.

Causes of arsenic poisoning

Arsenic poisoning

There are two main forms of arsenic poisoning: acute and chronic. Acute arsenic poisoning often occurs as a result of accidents at work with chemicals, which include arsenic. In addition, a person wishing to commit suicide by poisoning with arsenic may specifically. In these cases, a person inhaled or drinks the poison. Chronic arsenic poisoning usually occurs when working with compounds of arsenic. Frequently observed in chronic poisoning of workers casting, chemical and ceramic industries. In this case, arsenic poisoning refers to an occupational disease, and the employee is entitled to claim compensation. Arsenic affects the vital capillaries and some enzymes. It connects the tissue proteins and partially accumulates in the kidneys and liver. When the body contains a significant content of arsenic, blood circulation is disturbed, respiratory paralysis.

Treatment of arsenic poisoning

In acute arsenic poisoning with arsenic doctor washed stomach, prescribes drugs that counteract poisons, binding toxins. It is especially important to restore fluid and electrolyte balance.

It is necessary to induce vomiting. This is the first thing that you must apply in person or by helping the victim.

When you have this symptoms should immediately call an ambulance.

The doctor will find out if this is really arsenic poisoning. To this end, it will perform certain chemical, microbiological and emergency research. When poisoning with arsenic doctor first will have suffered vomiting and washed stomach. Then he would appoint agents, located in the body bind arsenic, and to hold the correction of water-salt balance in the body. In severe poisoning (the presence of collapse, and difficulty breathing), doctors use general funds to maintain vital functions, such as artificial respiration. In the case of chronic arsenic poisoning physician must report the poisoning to the competent authorities of the health system.

Course of the disease

Severe abdominal pain, cramps, blood circulation, severe diarrhea and vomiting begin after the adoption of a human poison. Water-salt balance is disrupted; the body loses a lot of protein. The liver and kidneys are not functioning; there may be coma and respiratory paralysis. The patient needs help, or he will die.

Arsenic poisoning causes cancer

In chronic poisoning victim’s skin changes the color. The skin is dark gray in color, there is eczema, ulcers, and hair falls out. Later, liver and kidneys, brain and peripheral nerves also cease to perform their functions. Result of chronic arsenic poisoning is skin cancer and liver cancer.

Preparations of arsenic

Earlier, small doses of arsenic administered as a medicine. But now doctors have suggested that arsenic causes cancer.

Other articles on this topic:

Smoke poisoning

Mercury poisoning