Respiratory diseases

Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis – an inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles, which has an infectious origin. The trachea and bronchi are covered with mucous membrane. For various reasons, an inflammation of the mucous membrane can occur, which swells, secretes more mucus. There are breathing disorders, strong cough, breathing is difficult. Acute bronchitis can be a distinct disease, and any other complication of the disease.

Symptoms

  • The deterioration of general health.
  • Runny nose, hoarseness.
  • Pain behind the breastbone.
  • At first, a dry cough, transparent mucous expectoration.
  • Later, muco-purulent expectoration.
  • Temperature may rise to 40°C.

Causes

Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses and bacteria. However, it may begin after inhalation potent chemical hot or cold air, and dust. If the patient has any infectious disease, acute bronchitis is often attached to it because of weakening the body’s defences. Acute bronchitis – particularly frequent complication of influenza, measles, whooping cough or typhoid fever. The probability of disease increases with strong supercooling, prolonged exposure to cold and humid air. Often patients with severe heart disease suffer from bronchitis. Bacterial infection is often attached to bronchitis, which further complicates the course of the disease. In such a case, bronchitis is a purulent (it’s characterized by yellowish-green phlegm).

Treatment

At high temperature, the patient should comply with bed rest, if necessary, take antipyretic drugs and antitussives. With a strong cough inhalation is effective. Sticky mucus liquefies by inhalation of water vapor, making it easier to cough up phlegm. Inhalation of decoctions of medicinal plants are particularly effective, for example, chamomile. Also, medicines, thinning mucus and stimulate expectoration, are prescribed, they can be in the form of tablets, drops or syrups. Purulent bronchitis is often treated with antibiotics.

In acute bronchitis you should stay in bed, drink plenty of fluids. Drink tea from medicinal plants (eg, plantain, thyme, anise, sage, chamomile and peppermint).

If you experience chest pain, dry cough, seek medical attention. The patient should immediately seek medical attention from hawking clear and viscous, and later muco-purulent sputum.

Doctor establishes the diagnosis using percussion and auscultation of the chest. To confirm the diagnosis, he can take a sample of sputum and explore it under a microscope. If doctor suspect another disease of bronchi or lungs, he may order x-rays.

Course of the disease

In mild acute bronchitis there is dry, less productive cough, general malaise, weakness. At moderate flow there are malaise, severe cough with difficulty breathing and shortness of breath, pain in the lower chest and abdomen, which is associated with overexertion of muscles when you cough. The cough gradually becomes wet, sputum becomes mucopurulent or purulent. Severe disease is usually observed in primary lesion of the bronchial tubes. Symptoms of acute bronchitis usually subside by the 4th day and disappear completely by the 7th day of illness.

Is it a dangerous disease?

The patient usually recovers without sequelae. Sometimes, however, the expansion of bronchi or alveoli of the lungs is possible. Such disorders are irreversible and can permanently disrupt the function of respiration. In addition, acute bronchitis may become chronic.